The fast and incessant expansion of technology from simple wiring for telegraph and telephones to complex structured cabling networks for data, voice, audio/visual, wi-fi, and many other systems has created an electrical industry specialty demanding technical knowledge in the field of designing and installing structured cabling services as provided by DataWorld Systems. Here at DataWorld, we design, build and install low voltage and structured wiring infrastructures that will provide efficient and optimized communication and digital technology network performance. Notably, the factors we consider when designing and planning for structure cabling installation are structure of the building and/or facility, the floor plan of interior space, needs and work flow of the current work force and plans for future growth. Optimum function requires careful planning and an efficient network.
Description of Structured Cabling
A structured cabling system is one of the most vital foundations of your network for voice and data in a building. It is the organized collection of copper or fiber wiring and other components in walls, ceilings, conduit, and elsewhere that connect all your IT hardware of computers, telephones, security cameras, copiers, entry access points, and more to your networks for phone and data. This infrastructure collection is exceptional for each building installation and includes patch panels, trunks, and an assortment of other components besides low voltage data cabling. Structured cabling is what makes telecommunication solutions possible. When designed well, low voltage network cabling offers flexibility, optimizes uptime, is effortlessly scalable for future increased usage needs and is a decent return on investment. It further reduces expenses by limiting down time and associated loss of productivity. A properly designed and installed system also looks cleaner and makes it easier to implement changes to the network. We at DataWorld Systems help our customers avoid losses and inconveniences associated with messy structured cabling installation. With DataWorld systems, you never go wrong.
Categories of Structured Cabling Systems
Structured Cabling System
A structured cabling system describes an assembly of different components that, when combined efficiently, offer the optimum infrastructure for a wide range of business communication uses. Structured cabling companies make up this assemblage of 6 subsystems, each with their detailed function as well as their own subsystems and components. The 6 structured cabling subsystems include the following:
Horizontal Cabling subsystems connect work area telecommunications outlets to a telecommunications closet and include most of the cabling in the total system. Other components include cable terminations, telecommunication outlets, one or more transition points, cross connections between cable runs, equipment and subsystems.
Vertical Cabling or Backbone Cabling is the core subsystem of cables and components that provide inter connections between and among telecommunication rooms, entrance facilities, and equipment rooms, and connecting separate buildings within a campus. In addition to the actual cables and connections, backbone cabling includes the cable routing components such as conduits, raceways and through-floor penetration sleeves.
Entrance Facility Structured Cabling
Entrance facility structured cabling subsystem includes the entire components for connecting a building to an outside data / telecommunication service provider or to a private network cabling system. Entrance Facility cabling can as well be the connection of backbone cabling between buildings. It is where the service provider connects with the customer/building being served. Electrical codes enforced in the location of the building dictate needed components for this subsystem.
The Telecommunications Enclosure is where the horizontal cabling and vertical cabling subsystems terminate and cross connect. Components include main and intermediate cross connects, patch cords, auxiliary and connecting equipment.
Consolidation Point Structured Cabling
For larger networks, several centralized Equipment Rooms that are environmentally controlled for cooling are used to house main equipment like routers, servers and other mechanical termination components. They are the consolidation point for structured cabling systems. For smaller networks, on the other hand, the Entrance Facility or telecommunications enclosure/room can also serve the same purpose.
Work Area Components
Work Area subsystems connect the end user’s workstation equipment of computers, phones, and copiers to the telecommunications connector that is the end result of the horizontal cabling subsystem. Work area components include the outlet and patch cables, as well as PC adapter, fiber and other cables. Typically, the work station equipment is also considered components of this subsystem.
Low Voltage Network Cabling Options
Ethernet Cabling Installation
Ethernet cable installations are normally utilized to connect devices like PC’s and routers together within a local network. Different categories of copper based Ethernet cables are employed depending on the needed speed of data transmission as well as the distance between the connected equipment. Cat5 cables support data transmission speeds at 10 to 100 Mbps between connections of around 300 feet, after which communication signal strength is lost. Cat 5e supports data transmission up to 1000 Mbps. Cat 6 structured cabling supports even faster data transmission to 10Gbps and can run up to 700 feet before loss of signal. Notably, Fiber optic installations are best for fastest speeds and longer distances. Fiber cable is made of glass strands as opposed to Ethernet’s copper. Glass carries digital information with light instead of electrical currents carried by copper.
Voice and Data Cable Installation
Voice and data cable installations for phone systems and internet connection utilize the same types of copper based Ethernet and glass based fiber optic cabling, depending on the requirements demands of the end user. At DataWorld, we run phone and data cabling through the walls and ceilings of a work place, to every cubicle and office, to connect devices back to telephone closets/telecommunication enclosures and server rooms.
Security System Cabling
Security system cabling describes a network system connected by low voltage structured cabling. Usually, DataWorld uses Cat5e or Cat6 cables run through walls to connect cameras to a server or network video recorder equipment. These cable types can further provide power to security cameras and other devices like phones, eliminating the need for separate power wiring. Referred as Power-Over-Ethernet, this technology requires a PoE network switch within the cabling network.
Intercom cabling is another system that falls within a low voltage wiring contractors work. An intercom is a stand-alone system for voice and/or video communication within a single or several buildings. An individual can speak into an intercom device or microphone and be heard and perhaps seen by a single or several people in another room. Intercom can be part of a security system, or used to broadcast information over a large area. Wired intercom systems use Cat5, Cat 5E or Cat 6 cabling, depending on the application.